Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is a country in Central America bordered by Honduras to the north, Costa Rica to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The capital and largest city of the country is Managua. The country's name may have come from Nicarao, the leader of the indigenous tribe that lived around Lake Nicaragua.

Official nameNicaragua
Surface130.373 km²
CoinCórdoba (NIO)
time differenceUTC -6
StaatshoofdDaniel Ortega
Nationale feestdag15 september
ReligieKatholiek (47%)
Aantal Rotterdammers geboren in dit land17

Nicaragua was visited in 1502 by Christopher Columbus and was conquered by the Spaniards in 1522. After being a part of Mexico for a short time, it became independent as part of the United States of Central America in 1823. This federation broke up in 1838 and Nicaragua became an independent republic. The nineteenth century was marked by a struggle between conservatives and liberals, while American adventurer William Walker also served as president for a while. The situation stabilized when the liberal José Santos Zelaya became president in 1893. It was overthrown by Mexico and the United States in 1909, and the country was occupied by the United States. In 1933 the Americans left the country again.

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