Syria borders the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east and southeast, Jordan to the south and Lebanon and Israel to the southwest. The Euphrates bisects the country from northwest to southeast.
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The name Syria was used from ancient times until the First World War for the area between the entire eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea and the Euphrates. This Greater Syria thus also included the present-day states of Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, plus neighboring regions in Turkey.