Iraq is a country in the Middle East. It is largely located in and around the catchment area of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. Iraq is bordered to the southeast by the Persian Gulf, and further clockwise to Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Turkey and Iran.
time differenceUTC +3
The area occupied by present-day Iraq is much the same as former Mesopotamia, the land between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris. The first complex human civilizations on Earth originated here, those of the Sumerians. This people developed around 3400 BC. the first script, the first examples of literature (Epic of Gilgamesh), the first written laws, the first cities. Iraq is therefore also called 'the cradle of civilization'.