Palestine is a country in Asia, in the Middle East, in the Levant. It consists of two territories, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The Gaza Strip borders Israel and Egypt and has a coast on the Mediterranean Sea. The West Bank (including East Jerusalem) borders Israel, and to the east, Jordan with the Jordan River and the Dead Sea as its borders.

Official namePalestina
CapitalJeruzalem (uitgeroepen), Ramallah (de facto)
CoinEgyptian Pound (EGP)
time difference+1

Although the concept of the Palestine region and its geographical extent has varied throughout history, it is now considered to be composed by the modern State of Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. General use of the term "Palestine" or related terms to the area at the southeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea beside Syria has historically been taking place since the times of Ancient Greece, with Herodotus being the first historian writing in the 5th century BC in The Histories of a "district of Syria, called Palaistine" in which Phoenicians interacted with other maritime peoples. The term "Palestine" (in Latin, Pal├Žstina) is thought to have been a term coined by the Ancient Greeks for the area of land occupied by the Philistines, although there are other explanations.

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